Some mental conditions are easier to manage, while others require a lot more complicated treatment. Schizophrenia is one of the more difficult types to control, as it’s a type of brain condition that affects every patient differently. That’s why it’s important to recognize the signs as soon as possible so a personalized form of treatment can begin.
As a complex disorder that affects less than one percent of Americans, symptoms of schizophrenia directly affect how a person thinks, feels and behaves. Doctors base their diagnosis on a number of categories and try to understand a patient’s unique triggers and needs. Because this condition is so unique in its symptoms and effects, it can be tough to get under control. Read more on the next page!
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can look and feel like different things to every patient. It’s a form of psychosis that leaves people struggling to differentiate what is a real and unreal experience. Some patients will have obvious symptoms, whereas others will have subtle signs that go unnoticed.
For most of those diagnosed, symptoms begin between the ages of 16 and 30. Although men and women are affected equally by schizophrenia, men tend to show symptoms earlier.
A person’s symptoms are a bit complicated to characterize. In general they’re three categories that each relate to different aspects of a person’s mental state. Those symptom categories for schizophrenia include: Positive Symptoms , Negative Symptoms, and Cognitive Symptoms.
Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia
The symptoms received this name not because of their positive effect on the patient’s condition, but as a result of the addition of new paints during the course of the disease. Positive symptoms are:
Hallucinations are false perceptions of reality that can affect every sense: sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing. Most people with schizophrenia, however, experience auditory hallucinations and hearing voices in their head is the most common.
These are irrational beliefs that aren’t grounded in reality. They’re usually personal and follow specific themes, which can be so outrageous they seem right out of a page-turning spy novel.
Organizing their thoughts, concentrating, and following a conversation can be difficult for those with schizophrenia. They may seem distracted or completed tuned out when you are speaking with them. When asked a question, their responses may not make sense, they may give you a completely unrelated answer, or they may string together a jumble of meaningless words often referred to as “word salads.”
4- Movement disorders
Some people with schizophrenia can experience abnormal, involuntary, or repetitive movements such as rocking, pacing, twitching, or jerking. And sometimes, they may exhibit the complete opposite behavior, staying completely still or catatonic for hours on end.
Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia
These clinical manifestations of the diagnosis are:
1- Reduced expression of emotion in the face or voice tone
In schizophrenia, this process is very meager, characterized by a poverty of emotions or their absence in principle. Such a person is unable to understand the feelings of others. A similar disorder is manifested by depression, guilt, fears. This leads to social maladjustment and isolation, since it is very difficult to establish contact with the patient. He begins to avoid people because he is not understood.
2- Reduced feelings of pleasure in everyday life
People with schizophrenia can experience the inability to get pleasure and enjoyment from those activities that previously caused positive emotions. Lack of motivation and activity to achieve it.
3- Reduced speaking
If you ask a person with schizophrenia a question, the answer is usually short and laconic. A woman suffering from an ailment talked about how it was so difficult for her to speak that she was physically unable to explain her condition to her relatives.
4- Physical sensations
Disturbed by headaches and dizziness, malaise. Vestibular disorders are manifested by a shaky gait, a person becomes clumsy.
5- Sleep disturbance
Trouble falling asleep, insomnia, stress and disrupted sleep;
Each case of schizophrenia is different. People will experience their own delusions, hallucinations, and other ailments that are unique to them. Those experiencing symptoms may not realize they need to see a doctor, but instead, rely on the observations from friends or family to seek help.
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